Ventilation is the process of bringing in outside air and distributing it within a space. It can be divided into three types: natural, mechanical, or mixed-mode. It is essential to manage the air exchange and circulation outside.
Stable air currents, whether mechanical or natural, release humidity and allow for infiltrated airflow. This provides healthy air for breathing.
The context of the project, including the geographic location, the material used, its architecture, and the daily habits of the users, is crucial for a successful natural ventilation system in buildings (“ventilacin natural en edificios in the Spanish Language”).
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Different types of natural ventilation
Natural ventilation is the use of environmentally-friendly systems that do not require any automated or mechanical solutions. Natural ventilation is not only more eco-friendly but also more economical. It relies on the natural environment, such as wind and temperature, to provide the necessary airflow.
Single-sided ventilation refers to the openings that are located on only one side of a building. This allows for natural ventilation in projects with limited space.
In projects where cross ventilation is not possible due to environmental or structural constraints, single-sided ventilation systems can be used. This type of ventilation is less efficient than natural ventilation systems.
Cross ventilation occurs when openings are placed on opposite walls. This allows air to cross the space from one direction and enter from the other. This is a common system in buildings that are located in areas with high temperatures. It creates constant air renewal and lowers the internal temperature.